There have been several proposals to reform the electoral college. The two fairest, I believe, would be Congressional District Apportionment (CDA) or a State Level Popular Vote Apportionment (SLPVA). Each would award the 2 votes that would be equivalent to the number of Senators in the state to the overall state winner. CDA would award an elector to the winner of each Congressional District. SLPVA would award the electoral votes equal to the congressional district on a proportional basis.
Under CDA Mitt Romney would have lost the popular vote but won the Electoral College 272-266. This proposal would give smaller rural states more clout but would result in possibly as many Presidents elected not winning the popular vote as before if not more.
Under SLPVA Barack Obama would have won the nationwide popular vote 276-255. Other candidates would have won the remaining 7 votes. The vote percentages of 51.3%-47.4%-1.3% fairly closely mirror the actual percentages of 51.1-47.2-1.7. Under this proposal, the states do not lose clout and, in a close election, can influence the results. My personal choice would be this one.
I would therefore make 2 proposals. The first, a State Compact to agree to apportioning electors per SLPVA. Or, the second, a Constitutional Amendment that would provide for this apportionment scheme.
The apportionment of Electors for President and Vice-President shall be as follows:
Two Electors from each State, equal to the number of Senators from the state, shall be awarded to the winner of the statewide popular vote. The remaining Electors shall be apportioned among the various candidates proportional to the total votes that candidate received on Election Day.
Each State may set, by appropriate legislation, minimum limits on popular vote percentages needed before being awarded Electors and procedures relating to apportionment under these limits; which Electors are chosen according to the aforementioned procedures, but shall not deny any candidate’s Elector based on political affiliation, party or creed; and shall apportion said Electors as closely as possible to enacted procedures and actual proportional voting results.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
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